P140 Distance Education - MSc Botany Distance Education Distance Education from - In Distance Education


Course Details:

P140  - MSc Botany Distance Education From Vinayaka Missions University

Course Code : P140 Distance Education
Course Duration Fast-Track : 24  Months
Duration Normal : 24  Months
Semester/Year/Session : 2  Year
Course Fee : Rs. 16000 /Year
Exam Fee : Rs. 2500  /Year
Study Material Fee : Rs. 0  /Year
Specialization : No  
     
  Computer Distance Programs


List Of Subjects In Course P140- MSc Botany  Offered By Vinayaka Missions University

Syllabus

Subject : 1

ALGAE, FUNGI BRYOPHYTES

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 1

UNIT - 01

ALGAE CLASSIFICATION - IMPORTANT SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION MODERN TRENDS

DIAGNOSTIC FEATURE OF ALGAL PHYLA - RANGE OF THALLUS LIFE CYCLE PATTERN.

UNIT - 02

ALGAL PIGMENTATION - ALGAL PIGMENTS - ULTRA STRUCTURE OF ALGAL CELL

FUNCTIONS OF FLAGELLA - CHLOROPLAST TYPES - PYRENOIDES - EYES POT

BIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE.

UNIT - 03

ALGAL PIGMENTATION - ALGAL PIGMENTS - ULTRA STRUCTURE OF ALGAL CELL

FUNCTIONS OF FLAGELLA - CHLOROPLAST TYPES - PYRENOIDES - EYES POT

BIOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE.

UNIT - 04

ALGAL DISTRIBUTION - ALGAL IN SOIL, FRESHWATER - MARINE ENVIRONMENT - ROLE

OF ALGAE IN SOIL FERTILITY - FISHERIES - POLLUTED HABITATS AS INDICATOR OF

POLLUTION - ALGAL BLOOMS ECONOMIC - IMPORTANCE.

UNIT - 05

FUNGI - CLASSIFICATION - GENERAL CLASSIFICATION - SMITH - BERGEY ALEXO

POLOUS.

UNIT - 06

FUNGAL DIVISIONS - MYXOMYCETES - BASIDIOMYCETES - ZYGOMYCETES -

ASCOMYCETES - DEUTERO MYCETES.

UNIT - 07

ECONOMIC - IMPORTANCE - BENEFICIAL EFFECTS - PRODUCTION OF ALCOCOLS -

ORGANIC - ACIDS - ANTIBIOTICS - YEAST - MUSHROOMS - LICHENS - MYCORHIZAL -

TYPES - APPLICATION - IN AGRICULTURE.

UNIT - 08

FUNGAL - DISEASES - HARMFUL EFFECTS OF FUNGI - LATE BLIGHT OF POTATO - TIKKA

DISEASES OF GROUND NET - RED ROT - OF.

UNIT - 09

HUMAN DISEASES - DANDRUFF - RINGWORM - ATHLETES - FOOT - IN HUMANS.

UNIT - 10

BRYOPHYTES - GENERAL STUDY - STUDY OF FOLLOWING ORDERS - MARCHANTIALES -

SPHAGNALES.

UNIT - 11

PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF BRYOPHYTES SPORE - GERMINATION - APOGAMY -

PROTONEMA - APOSPORY.

UNIT - 12

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

1 Yr.

ALGAE, FUNGI BRYOPHYTES(2030301)

POLLUTION INDICATORS - BRYOPHYTES AS - POLLUTION INDICATORS -

HORTICULTURAL USE OF BRYOPHYTES - ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE.

 

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Subject : 2

PLANT ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 1

UNIT - 01

PLANT ANATOMY - STUDY OF APICAL, LATERAL, INTERCALARY MERISTEMS, THEORIES

OF APICAL ORGANIZATION - APICAL THEORY, HISTOGEN THEORY, TUNICA CORPUS

THEORY.

UNIT - 02

MERISTEM THEORIES - KAPOV - KAPPE THEORY MANTLE - CORE THEORY - QUIESCENT

CENTRE THEORY.

UNIT - 03

EPIDERMAL TISSUES - TRICHOSOMES - STOMATA - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS -

PRIMARY TISSUES - PARENCHYMA - COLLENCHYMAS - SCLERENCHYMA.

UNIT - 04

XYLEM - PHLOEM - STUDY - ONTOGENY - PHYLOGENY - EVOLUTION - ULTRA

STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY XYLEM AND PHLOEM -

WOOD ANATOMY - ANOMALOUS SECONDARY, THICKENING IN MONOCOT AND DICOT

STEMS DENDROCHRONOLOGY.

UNIT - 05

LEAF ANATOMY - STRUCTURAL VARIABILITY IN - LEAVES, LEAF HISTOGENESIS, LEAF

MERISTEM,

ORIGIN - NODAL - ANATOMY NODAL TYPES.

UNIT - 06

VASCULAR TISSUES - VASCULAR CAMBIUM, AND CORK CAMBIUM, FACTORS AFFECTING

THEIR ACTIVITY - PERIDERM - LENTICELLS - ABSCISSION - WOUND HEALING.

UNIT - 07

EMBRYOLOGY - GEMETOGENESIS - IN ANGIOSPERMS - MICROSPOROGENESIS -

MEGASPOROGENESIS - OVULE ONTOGENY - TYPES - EMBRYOSAC - SYNERGID -

ANTIPODEL HAUSTORIA.

UNIT - 08

POLLINATION - FACTORS INFLUENCING POLLINATION AND BARRIERS - FERTILIZATION -

SYNGAMY, TRIPLE FUSION, POST FERTILIZATION - AND METABOLIC - CHANGES IN

EMBRYOSAC.

UNIT - 09

ENDOSPERM - ULTRA STRUCTURE - TYPES - CELLULAR HELOBIAL - NUCLEAR AND

RUMINATE - ENDOSPERM - ENDOSPERM - HAUSTORIA - HISTOGENESIS AND

ORGANOGENESIS - OF MONOCOT - AND DICOT - EMBRYOS.

UNIT - 10

POLYEMBRYONY - APOMIXIS - PARTHENOGENESIS EMBRYOLOGY OF PLANT BREEDING.

UNIT - 11

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

1 Yr.

PLANT ANATOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY(2030306)

BIO STATISTICS - DEFINITION - BASIC PRINCIPLES - VARIABLE - SCOPE LIMITATION OF

STATISTICS - COLLECTION OF DATA - SAMPLE - POPULATION - SAMPLING TECHNIQUES -

PRIMARY - SECONDARY DATA - TABULATION - PRESENTATION OF DATA - CENTRAL

TENDENCY MEAN - MODE - MEDIAN - GEO MATRIX MEAN - MEASURES OF DISPERSION -

RANGE - STANDARD - DEVIATION MEAN - DEVIATION.

UNIT - 12

HYPOTHESIS TESTING - DISTRIBUTION - NORMAL - BINOMIAL - POISSON - TEST OF

SIGNIFICANCE - TEST IN LARGE - SMALL SAMPLE - T-TEST, F-TEST - CHI SQUARE TEST -

CORRELATION - REGRESSION ANALYSIS.

 

 

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Subject : 3

CYTOLOGY, GENETICS EVOLUTION, PLANT BREEDING

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 1

UNIT - 01

ULTRA STRUCTURE OF PLANT CELL - STRUCTURE - COMPOSITION - FUNCTIONS OF

CELL - PLASMA MEMBRANE - CYTOPLASM, E.R GOLGI APPARATUS.

UNIT - 02

LYSOSOMES - MITOCHONDRIA - PLASTID - RIBOSOME`S AND NUCLEONS.

UNIT - 03

CHROMOSOMES - STRUCTURE OF CHROMOSOMES - ENCHROMATIN -

HETEROCHROMATIN - GIANT - LAMB RUSH - POLYETHER - CHROMOSOMES.

UNIT - 04

1.FINE STRUCTURE OF GENE - CISTRON, RECON, MUTAN, OPERAN - DNA - STRUCTURE,

FUNCTION & REPLICATION - RNA - TYPES, STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION. PROTEIN

SYNTHESIS AND GENETIC CODE.

2.MUTAGENESIS - MUTATION - REPAIR MECHANISMS - MECHANISM OF DNA REPAIR -

MOLECULAR BASIS OF MUTATION - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL MUTAGENS.

UNIT - 05

GENETICS - MANDALIAN GENETICS - MONOHYBRID AND DIHYBRID RATIO - ALLELIC AND

NON ALLELIC GENE POLYGENIC INHERITANCE - MULTIPLE ALLELES CYTOGENETICS OF

POLYPLOIDY - TRI, MONO, NULLISOMICS POPULATION GENETICS.

UNIT - 06

STRUCTURE OF GENE - CITRON, RECON, MUTAN, OPERAN, DNA STRUCTURE, FUNCTION

REPLICATION, RNA TYPES, PROTEIN SYNTHESIS AND GENETIC CODE.

UNIT - 07

MUTAGENESIS - MUTATION - REPAIR MECHANISMS, MECHANISM OF DNA REPAIR,

MOLECULAR BASICS OF MUTATION PHYSICAL - CHEMICAL MUTAGENS.

UNIT - 08

PLANT BREEDING - INTRODUCTION TO PLANT BREEDING - OBJECTIVE - SCOPE

METHODS, SELF POLLINATED, CROSS POLLINATED, VEGETATIVE, PROPAGATED,

APOMICTS PLANTS.

UNIT - 09

CROP IMPROVEMENT - SELECTION - HYBRIDIZATION - INTRODUCTION -

ACCLIMATIZATION - HETEROSIS.

UNIT - 10

EVOLUTION - EVOLUTIONARY CONCEPTS - ORIGIN OF LIFE SPONTANEOUS -

CHEMOSYNTHETIC EVOLUTION, OF LIVING ORGANISM.

UNIT - 11

VARIATION IN NATURE - ANALYSIS OF VARIATION - SOURCES OF VARIATION MUTATION

RECOMBINATION - ADAPTATION AND SELECTION.

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

1 Yr.

CYTOLOGY, GENETICS EVOLUTION, PLANT BREEDING(2030303)

UNIT - 12

EVOLUTIONARY THEORY - LAMARK, CHARLES DARWIN

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Subject : 4

GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 1

UNIT - 01

CLASSIFICATION OF BACTERIA - CHARACTERS OF EACH GROUP - BACTERIAL ANATOMY

- STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS OF CELL ORGANELLES - GROWTH - NUTRITION AND

REPRODUCTION.

UNIT - 02

STAINING PROCEDURES AND CULTIVATION OF BACTERIA - BIO CHEMICAL TESTS FOR

RHIZOBIUM - XAHTHOMONAS - AZOSPIRILLUM - AN OUTLINE STUDY.

UNIT - 03

GENERAL CHARACTERS OF VIRUS - MORPHOLOGY AND NATURE OF VIRUS PARTICLES -

NOMENCLATURE AND CLASSIFICATION OF PLANT VIRUSES.

UNIT - 04

TRANSMISSION OF PLANT VIRUSES AND CONTROL MEASURES - PHAGES -

MYCOPHAGES - PHYCOPHAGES AND BACTERIOPHAGES - VIROIDS - VIRIONS AND

ORIGIN OF VIRUSES.

UNIT - 05

AGRICULTURE - BIOFERTILIZERS - BIOPEPTICIDS - BIOLOGICAL NITROGEN FIXATION.

UNIT - 06

BIOCONVERSION OF WASTE PRODUCTS - ALCOHOL - BIOGAS - POLLUTION -

DEGRADATION OF BESTICIDES AND HYDROCARBON OILS.

UNIT - 07

BIOTECHNOLOGY - IMPORTANCE AND APPLICATION OF MICROBES IN GENETIC

ENGINEERING.

UNIT - 08

HARMFUL EFFECTS OF BACTERIA & VIRUSES IN PLANTS - CITRUS CANKER - BLIGHT OF

RICE - WILT OF POTATO - TMV - TYMV - BUNCHY TOP OF BANANA - HARMFUL EFFECTS

OF BACTERIA & VIRUSES IN MAN AND ANIMALS - TETANUS - ANTHRAX - BACILLARY

DYSENTERY - AIDS - HEPATITIS - POLIOMYELITIS.

UNIT - 09

GENERAL ACCOUNT OF IMMUNITY - TYPES - PROPERTIES OF ANTIGEN AND ANTIBODIES

- TYPES OF VACCINES.

UNIT - 10

CARBOHYDRATES - CLASSIFICATION - OCCURRENCE - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS -

MONOSACCHARIDE - OLIGOSACCHARIDE AND POLYSACCHARIDE - LIPIDS -

CLASSIFICATION - OCCURRENCE - STRUCTURE AND IMPORTANCE - BIOSYNTHESIS -

OXIDATION OF FATTY ACIDS.

UNIT - 11

AMINO ACIDS - OCCURRENCE - STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONS - PROTEINS -

CLASSIFICATION - ENZYMES - CLASSIFICATION - MODE OF ACTION - STRUCTURE AND

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

1 Yr.

GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY{MSC-BOT}(2030707)

FACTORS INFLUENCING ENZYME ACTIVITY.

UNIT - 12

MECHANISM OF WATER ABSORPTION IN PLANTS - ACCENT SAP - TRANSPIRATION -

TYPES - STOMATAL OPENING MECHANISM AND FACTORS AFFECTING TRANSPIRATION -

CYCLES OF ELEMENTS - N2 CIRCLE - BIOCHEMISTRY OF SYMBIOTIC AND

NONSYMBIOTIC.

 

 

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Subject : 5

PRACTICAL(MSC-BOT)

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 1

UNIT - 01

ALGAE:

1.STUDY OF ALGAE MENTIONED IN THE THEORY - IDENTIFICATION UP TO GENERIC

LEVEL.

2.PREPARATION OF SYNTHETIC MEDIUM AND CULTIVATION OF ALGAE.

3.SEPARATION OF ALGAL PIGMENTS.

4.STUDY OF ELECTRON MICROGRAPH IN SOME ALGAE IN STANDARD PUBLICATIONS.

FUNGI:

1.STUDY OF THE MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERS AND REPRODUCTIVE STRUCTURES

OF THE GENERA MENTIONED IN THE THEORY.

2.STAINING PROCEDURE FOR FUNGI.

3.ISOLATION OF FUNGI FROM SOIL, WATER, LITTER AND DUNG.

4.CULTURE OF FUNGI - SLIDE CULTURE.

5.STUDY OF DISEASE CAUSED BY FUNGI IN PLANTS AND HUMAN BEINGS MENTIONED IN

THE SYLLABUS.

BRYOPHYTES:

1.MORPHOLOGICAL AND STRUCTURAL STUDY OF REPRESENTATIVE BRYOPHYTES

MENTIONED IN THE THEORY.

2.STUDY OF BRYOPHYTES IN THEIR NATURAL HABITATS.

GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY:

1.PREPARATION OF MEDIA TO ISOLATE BACTERIA & ACTINOMYCETES,

2.ISOLATION OF BACTERIA FROM, SOIL AND SEWAGE, BY DILUTION TECHNIQUE.

3.STAINING OF BACTERIA - GRAM STAINING AND SPECIAL STAININGS FOR CAPSULE,

FLAGELLA AND ENDOSPORE.

4.IDENTIFICATION OF IMPORTANT GENERA BY BIOCHEMICAL TESTS - E. COLI.

PSEUDOMONAS, STAPHYLOCOCCUS, STREPTOMYCES.

5.ISOLATION OF RHIZOBIUM FROM LEGUME PLANT.

6.MILK ANALYSIS FOR PATHOGENIC BACTERIA.

BIOCHEMISTRY:

1.EXTRACTION AND ESTIMATION OF STARCH, LIPIDS AND REDUCING SUGARS.

2.ESTIMATION OF AMINO ACIDS BY NINHYDRIN.

3.SEPARATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF SUGARS BY PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY.

4.DETERMINATION OF CHLOROPHYELL A, CHL B, AND TOTAL CHLOPHYLL.

UNIT - 02

PTERIDOPHYTES:

1.STUDY OF MORPHOLOGY AND ANATOMY OF VEGETATIVE AND REPRODUCTIVE

TISSUES AND ORGANS USING DISSECTIONS, MACERATIONS, SECTIONS AND

PERMANENT PREPARATIONS OF THE FOLLOWING GERERA; ISOETES, OPHIOGLOSSUM,

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

1 Yr.

PRACTICAL(MSC-BOT)(2030304)

SALVINIA, AZOLLA, PSILOTUM, LOCOPODIUM, EQUISETUM, MARSILIA.

2.STUDY OF FOSSIL FORMS OF PTERIDOPHYTES.

GYMNOSPERMS:

1.COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE ANATOMY OF VEGETATIVE AND REPRODUCTIVE PASTS

OF THE GYMNOSPERMS INCLUDED IN THE THEORY.

PALEOBOTANY:

1.STUDY OF FOSSIL FORMS (SPECIMENS AND SLIDES) OF THE GENERA LISTED IN THE

THEORY PART.

CYTOLOGY:

1.SMEAR AND SQUASH TECHNIQUES FOR STUDY OF CELL DIVISIONS.

2.DIFFERENTIAL STAINING AND IDENTIFICATION OF DIFFERENT CELLULAR

COMPONENTS.

3.PRACTICAL STUDY OF ALL PLANT CELL ORGANELLES FROM ELECTION MICROGRAPHS

AND STANDARD PUBLICATIONS.

GENETICS:

1.PROBLMES AND EXERCISES CONNECTED WITH THE THEORY.

EVOLUTION & PLANT BREADING:

1.DETERMINATION OF HYBRIDIZATION TECHNIQUES USING POTTED PLANTS.

ANATOMY:

1.EPIDERMAL STUDIES BY EPIDERMAL PEELING.

2.MACERATION TECHNIQUES - DEMONSTRATIONS ONLY.

3.STUDY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY STRUCTURE IN PLANTS.

4.STUDY OF ANOMALOUS SECONDARY GROWTH.

5.LEARNING TECHNIQUES OF MAKING TEMPORARY AND PERMANENT MICROSCOPIC

PREPARATIONS.

EMBRYOLOGY:

1.PREPARATION OF DISSECTED WHOLE MOUNTS OF TAPETUM, OVULE, ENDOSPERM

AND EMBRYO.

2.DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES OF ANTHER, POLLEN, OVULE, EMBRYO SAC, ENDOSPERM

AND EMBRYO. (PERMANENT PREPARATIONS).

BIOSTATISTICS:

PROBLEMS AND EXERCISES CONNECTED WITH BIOMETRY SYLLABUS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Subject : 6

BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES AND INSTRUMENTATION

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 2

UNIT - 01

CHROMATOGRAPHY 1 - INTRODUCTION - PRINCIPLE - OPERATIVE TECHNIQUES AND

APPLICATIONS OF PAPER - TYPES LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY - DETECTION OF THIN

LAYER - LOCATION AGENTS USED IN TLC - PREPARATION OF THIN LAYER PLATE -

SAMPLE APPLICATION AND PLATE DEVELOPMENT - ADVANTAGES - USES - LIMITATIONS

- ADSORPTION CHROMATOGRAPHY.

UNIT - 02

CHROMATOGRAPHY 2 - GAS LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (GLC) - INTRODUCTION -

PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION - PRACTICAL REQUIREMENTS - HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID

CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC) - INTRODUCTION - ADVANCES AND ADVANTAGES -

RETENTION TIME (TR) AND RETENTION VOLUME (VR) - RESOLUTION (R) -

INSTRUMENTATION - STATIONARY PHASES IN HPLC - TYPES - LIQUID - SOLID

(ADSORPTION) CHROMATOGRAPHY - LIQUID-LIQUID (PARTITION) CHROMATOGRAPHY -

ION-EXCHANGE CHROMATOGRAPHY - GEL-EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY -

MOLECULAR EXCLUSION CHROMATOGRAPHY - INTRODUCTION - PRINCIPLE - TYPES -

THEORY - PROPERTIES - ADVANTAGES - APPLICATIONS.

UNIT - 03

ELECTROPHORETIC TECHNIQUES 1 - INTRODUCTION - PRINCIPLE - COMPONENTS OF

AN ELECTROPHORESIS UNIT - FACTORS AFFECTING ELECTROPHORETIC MOBILITY -

SUPPORT MEDIUM - ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE OF SUPPORT MEDIUM - BUFFERS

- CHOICE OF BUFFER - HOMOGENOUS BUFFER SYSTEM - REDUCING AGENTS -

DETECTION ASSAY - RECORDING AND STORAGE - SAFETY.

UNIT - 04

ELECTROPHORETIC TECHNIQUES 2 - TECHNIQUES - PAPER ELECTROPHORESIS -

TYPES OF PAPER ELECTROPHORESIS - HORIZONTAL PAPER - HIGH VOLTAGE PAPER -

CELLULOSE ACETATE - GEL ELECTROPHORESIS - PRINCIPLE - TYPES - HORIZONTAL

GEL ELECTROPHORESIS - VERTICAL GEL ELECTROPHORESIS - ADVANTAGES &

DISADVANTAGES OF VERTICAL GEL - APPLICATIONS OF GEL ELECTROPHORESIS - SDS.

UNIT - 05

ELECTROPHORETIC TECHNIQUES 3 - HIGH VOLTAGE AND DISCONTINUOUS

ELECTROPHORESIS - ISOELECTRIC FOCUSING ELECTROPHORESIS - PUSSED FIELD GEL

ELECTROPHORESIS AND CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS.

UNIT - 06

SPECTROPHOTOMETRY 1 - INTRODUCTION - BASIC PRINCIPLES - CONSTRUCTION -

ANALYSIS OF SPECTROPHOTOMETRIC - DESIGN OF SPECTROPHOMETERS -

INSTRUMENTATION AND APPLICATION OF UV - VISIBLE - IR SPECTROPHOTOMETERS.

UNIT - 07

SPECTROPHOTOMETRY 2 - MASS SPECTROMETRY - INTRODUCTION - BASIC THEORY -

COMPONENTS OF SPECTROPHOTOMETER - IONIZATION - IN GAS PHASE IONIZATION

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

2 Yr.

BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES AND INSTRUMENTATION{MSCBIOTECH}(

2030803)

TECHNIQUES - DESORPTION TECHNIQUES - FAST ATOM BOMBARDMENT - MASS

ANALYZER - DETECTING OF IONS - RECORDING OF THE SPECTRUM - DATA HANDLING -

FLAME PHOTOMETRY - PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS.

UNIT - 08

CENTRIFUGATION TECHNIQUES 1 - INTRODUCTION - CENTRIFUGAL FORCE AND

PRINCIPAL OF SEDIMENTATIONS - SVEDBERG UNIT - TYPES OF ROTORS - TYPES OF

CENTRIFUGES - DETERMINATION OF MOLECULAR WEIGHTS - METHOD OF MOLECULAR

WEIGHT DETERMINATION - APPLICATIONS.

UNIT - 09

CENTRIFUGATION TECHNIQUES 2 - TYPES OF CENTRIFUGATION - DIFFERENTIAL

CENTRIFUGATION - DENSITY GRADIENT CENTRIFUGATION - PRINCIPLE OF RATE ZONAL

CENTRIFUGATION - PRINCIPLE OF ISOPYCNIC CENTRIFUGATION - PREPARATION OF

DENSITY GRADIENTS - SAMPLE APPLICATION - RECOVER OF THE SAMPLE -

CONVERSION OF RPM TO G - CONVERSION OF `G` TO RPM - ULTRA CENTRIFUGE.

UNIT - 10

X-RAYS - X -RAY DIFFRACTION - CRYSTALS AND DETECTORS - QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS

AND APPLICATIONS - RADIO CHEMICAL METHODS - BASIC CONCEPTS - COUNTING

METHODS AND APPLICATIONS - AUTORADIOGRAPHY.

UNIT - 11

TRACER AND OTHER TECHNIQUES - RADIOACTIVE DECAY - UNITS OF RADIOACTIVITY -

DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT OF RADIOACTIVITY.

UNIT - 12

TYPES OF COUNTER METHOD - GEIGER - MULLER COUNTER - SCINTILLATIONS

COUNTER - APPLICATIONS OF RADIOISOTOPES IN BIOLOGY - INVESTIGATING ASPECTS

OF METABOLISM - METABOLIC PATHWAY - METABOLIC TURNOVER TIMERS -

ADSORPTION - ACCULATION - PHARMACOLOGICAL STUDIES - ANALYTICAL

APPLICATIONS - OTHER APPLICATIONS.

 

 

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Subject : 7

ANGIOSPERMS MORPHOLOGY, TAXONOMY AND MEDICINAL PLA

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 2

UNIT - 01

ANGIOSPERM MORPHOLOGY - THE PLANT BODY - ROOT - TYPES - MODIFICATION -

STEM MODIFICATIONS - AERIAL AND UNDERGROUND STEMS LEAF PHYLLOTAXY.

UNIT - 02

LEAVES - SIMPLE - COMPOUND LEAVES - LEAF - STRUCTURE - MODIFICATION OF

LEAVES - FLOWERS - INFLORESCENCE - TYPES - PARTS OF FLOWERS AND THEIR

ARRANGEMENT.

UNIT - 03

FRUITS - TYPES - SIMPLE - AGGREGATE - MULTIPLE FRUITS, FLESHY DRY FRUITS -

DISPERSAL OF FRUITS AND SEEDS - GERMINATION - TYPES.

UNIT - 04

TAXONOMY - PRINCIPLES OF CLASSIFICATION - ARTIFICIAL - NATURAL - PHYLOGENETIC

SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION - HUTCHINSON - CRONQUIST - TACHTAJAN AND THORNE.

UNIT - 05

NOMENCLATURE - BOTANICAL NOMENCLATURE - HISTORY - ICBN - PRINCIPLE -

CONCEPT OF TAXON - NAMING OF PLANTS.

UNIT - 06

KEYS - VARIOUS NAMING METHODS - BY MEANS KEYS - USE OF FLORAS - PLANT

IDENTIFICATION METHODS AUTHOR CITATION.

UNIT - 07

PHYLOGENY OF ANGIOSPERMS - ORIGIN - EVOLUTION OF DICOTS - MONOCOTS -

PHYLOGENY OF RANALES - AMBELLIFERAE - GRAMINEAE - TUBIFLORAE.

UNIT - 08

STUDY OF FAMILIES AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE - RANUNCULACEAE - ASTERACEAE -

ROSACEAE - ANNONACEAE - RUTACEAE - VITACEAE.

UNIT - 09

ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE - RUTACEAE - SOLANACEAE - FABACEAE -

POMEGRANATACEAE - PALMAEAE - CACTACEAE - SAPOTACEAE.

UNIT - 10

TYPE STUDY - TYPHACEAE - ARCHIDACEAE - GRAMINEAE.

UNIT - 11

MEDICINAL PLANTS - ACONITE - ASWAGANDHA - GINGER - ROUWOLFIA - TURMERIC.

UNIT - 12

CATACHU - EACALYPTUS - BLACK - PAPPER - CORIANDA - CARDARMOM.

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

2 Yr.

ANGIOSPERMS MORPHOLOGY, TAXONOMY AND MEDICINAL

PLANTS(2030307)

 

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Subject : 8

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, ECOLOGY AND PHYTOGEOGRAPHY

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 2

UNIT - 01

PLANT - PHYSIOLOGY - INTRODUCTION - STRUCTURE OF MEMBRANE - MEMBRANE

MODELS - FLUID MOSAIC MODEL - LIPOPROTEIN MODEL - ENDO - MEMBRANE SYSTEM.

UNIT - 02

WATER RELATIONS OF PLANTS - PHYSICAL - CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF WATER - FREE

- SPACE BULK MOVEMENT OF WATER - DIFFUSION- IMBIBITION - OSMOSIS -

TRANSPIRATION - STOMATAL - REGULATION.

UNIT - 03

PHOTOSYNTHESIS - ENERGY PATHWAY OF PHOTOSYNTHESIS - PHOTOSYNTHESIS

PIGMENTS - PIGMENT SYSTEMS - ELECTION FLOW - CYCLIC - NONCYCLIC -

PHOTOPHOSPORYLATION.

UNIT - 04

C3 - C4 PLANTS - PLANT PATHWAYS BIOCHEMICAL - CYCLES - PHOTORESPIRATION.

UNIT - 05

ROSPIRATION - AREROBIC - AREROBIC - RESPIRATION - GLYCOLYSIS - KREBS CYCLE -

E.T.P SYSTEM - PHOSPORYLATION - VARIOUS - SUBSTRATE - OXIDATION. HMP

PATHWAY.

UNIT - 06

RESPIRATORY QUOTIENT - FACTORS - AFFECTING RESPIRATION.

UNIT - 07

IONS MECHANISM - ABSORPTION - ION ABSORPTION - TRANSLOCATION OF SOLUTES -

ASSIMILATORS - MINERAL NUTRITION.

UNIT - 08

MICRO AND MACRO ELEMENTS - ROLE - DEFICIENCY SYMPTOMS - FERTILIZERS -

FOLIAR NUTRITION.

UNIT - 09

PLANT ECOLOGY - CONCEPTS OF AN ECOSYSTEM - APPLICATION OF LOW OF THERMO

DYNAMICS - FOOD CHAIN - WEB - ENERGY FLOW - ECOLOGICAL FACTORS - CLIMATIC -

PHYSIOGRAPHIC - EDAPHIC - BIOTIC FACTORS

UNIT - 10

ECOSYSTEM - STUDY OF POND - GRASS LAND - FOREST ECOSYSTEM - HEIR

SUCCESSION.

UNIT - 11

WORLD ECOSYSTEM TERRESTRIAL PLANT COMMUNITY - STUDY OF CLIMATE

DISTRIBUTION - ADAPTATION TO ENVIRONMENT - DESERTS - DRY/COLD - TUNDRA -

GRASS - SAVANNAH TEMPERATE - TROPICAL FOREST - MANGROVES.

UNIT - 12

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

2 Yr.

PLANT PHYSIOLOGY, ECOLOGY AND PHYTOGEOGRAPHY(2030308)

PHYTO GEOGRAPHY - PLANT GEOGRAPHY - PLANT DISTRIBUTION - CONTINENTAL

DRIFT - GLACIATIONS - THEORIES OF EVOLUTION - ( EVOLUTION OF FLORA - FAUNAS -

PHYTO GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH INDIAN HILLS - ENDEMISM - GEOGRAPHIC) REGIONS OF

INDIA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Subject : 9

PRACTICAL II

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 2

UNIT - 01

1. STUDY OF THE MORPHOLOGY OF THE ANGIOSPERMS AS IN THE THEORY WITH

SUITABLE EXAMPLES.

2. DESCRIPTION OF PLANTS IN TECHNICAL TERMS.

3. PREPARATION OF KEYS AND USE OF KEYS IN IDENTIFICATION.

4. DISSECTION OF VEGETATIVE AND FLORAL PASTS OF PLANTS BELONGING TO THE

FAMILIES MENTIONED IN THE THEORY.

5. STUDY OF THE ECONOMIC VALUE OF THE PLANTS MENTIONED IN THE THEORY PART.

6. PREPARATION OF HERBARIUM (MINIMUM OF 20 ANGIOSPERM PLANTS) WITH PROPER

FIELD NOTE BOOK - SHALL BE SUBMITTED AT THE TIME OF PRACTICAL EXAMINATIONS.

7. STUDY OF MEDICINAL VALUE OF THE PLANTS MENTIONED IN THE THEORY PART.

8. AGAROSE GEL ELECTROPHORESIS - PAPER ELECTROPHORESIS.

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

2 Yr.

PRACTICAL II (MSC-BOT)(2030309)

 

 

 

 

To Buy The Book Please Click On The Link Below:

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Subject : 10

PRACTICAL III (MSC-BOT)

 Syllabus
Sem./Year : 2

UNIT - 01

1. DETERMINATION OF CHL A, CHL B AND TOTAL CHL.

2. DETERMINATION OF OP BY PLASMOLYTIC METHOD.

3. EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE AND CHEMICAL ON MEMBRANE PERMEABILITY.

4. RATE OF TRANSPIRATION IN DIFFERENT PLANTS.

5. SEPARATION OF PLANT PIGMENTS BY THIN LAYER / PAPER CHROMATOGRAPHY.

6. PHOTOSYNTHESIS UNDER DIFFERENT LIGHT INTENSITIES.

7. RATE OF RESPIRATION IN GERMINATING SEEDS OR FLOWER BUDS IN

RESPIROSCOPE.

8. PREPARING AND RECORDING OF MICROCSCOPIC PREPARATIONS - TEMPORARY,

SEMI PERMANENT AND PERMANENT SLIDS.

9. SMEAR, SQUASH, MACERATION, TECHNIQUE STUDIES.

10. HANDLING OF, SPECTROPHOTOMETER, PH METER, MICROTOME, COLORIMETER,

CENTRIFUGE, ELECTROPHORESIS UNIT.

11. STAINING PROCEDURES - SIMPLE, DIFFERENTIAL, CAPSULE, FLAGELLAR STAINING

FOR BACTERIA.

12. STUDY OF STERILIZATION METHODS.

13. ISOLATION OF BACTERIA AND FUNGI.

Vinayaka Missions University,Directorate of Distance Education

Salem India

MASTER OF SCIENCE IN BOTANY

2 Yr.

PRACTICAL III (MSC-BOT)(2030310)

 

 

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